Description of the artwork “Parsuna of Prince M.V. Skopin-Shuisky”

Description of the artwork “Parsuna of Prince M.V. Skopin-Shuisky”

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The word parsuna originates from the Latin: persona - personality. This term is called to call portraits that arose at the transitional moment of Russian history, when there was a transformation of the medieval worldview and the transition from icon painting to painting secular portraits.

At the beginning of their appearance, parsuns were no different from icons: they were written on icon boards, decorated with nimbuses. There were few details in the paintings, so they signed up so that you could recognize the painted personality. In the second half of the 17th century, parsuns begin to be depicted on canvas with oil paints, but the writing technique remains the same as when creating the icons. The characters of the parsuns became rich and influential people: kings, princes, military leaders. Most parsun writers are not known.

Mikhail Shuisky - statesman and military leader. Even as a child, he became a centurion at the royal court, then False Dmitry made him a swordsman. Shuisky contributed to the impostor of the royal throne. After the death of False Dmitry, Uncle Michael becomes king. Shuisky, showing great interest in military affairs, becomes a voivode.

Soon, an uprising begins under the leadership of Bolotnikov against the tsar. During the battle of the tsarist army with the rebels, the 19-year-old governor Michael shows his mind, fortitude and martial art. After several battles and a long siege of Tula, the rebels surrendered. The king’s army won largely thanks to the actions of the young commander.

In 1608, Skopin-Shuisky, on behalf of the king, made an alliance with the Swedish king against Poland. The young man showed outstanding diplomatic and administrative qualities. With the help of the Swedish army, he defeated the army of False Dmitry 2, and then began to liberate Russian cities from Polish invaders. In 1610, Shuisky liberated Moscow and entered the city as a winner. The people honored him. The king and his entourage were concerned about the love of the people for the military leader and feared his claim to the throne. A month after the victory at the age of 23, Mikhail Skopin Shuisky suddenly fell ill and died. According to rumors, he was poisoned by the wine that the king’s brother’s wife offered him.

Karel Fabricius

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