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Dante Gabriel Rossetti was an English poet, illustrator, artist and translator.
In his memory he remained as a romantic man, bright and unusual. He worked under the influence of European Symbolists and was the main follower of the aesthetic line in art. His art is characterized by sensuality and medieval poetry.
Poetry and appearance are closely related in Rossetti's works; he painted sonnets to tie to his paintings or, conversely, to illustrate poetry he painted. He meets his first muse, Elizabeth Sidl, creates a fraternity of pre-Raphaelites and actively communicates with other artists.
Dante Gabriel endlessly draws the red-haired Lizi, even with other models, her image dominated or merged in the features of the depicted girls. Refined beautiful things, esthetics on a canvas is what Rossetti is expensive. His drawings were colorful, bright with the density of the paint.
There is no vulgarity in the picture of Proserpine, the artist professes a cult of the highest femininity in symbiosis with the ideals of the Renaissance. The role of Proserpine is played by the poet’s new and last muse - Jane Maurice, the wife of a friend of the pre-Raphaelite. She becomes the main inspiration and embodiment of Rossetti's style, even more so than previous women.
Contemporaries described her as a tall, slender woman in a long dress of purple fabric, with a mass of wavy black hair and a thin pale face, from which a pair of strange sad, deep eyes looked under her thick black eyebrows.
A series of portraits appears, but Dante Gabrielné considered them portraits. He always called them something, and each of them was an image of either an ancient heroine or literary from medieval English poetry.
The painting is named after the daughter of Dimeters and Zeus Proserpine (Persephone), who in Roman mythology was abducted by Hades and spent six months in the kingdom of death. Therefore, night and day are combined in a portrait together.